Vigier A - Partouche N - Michel FJ - Crépel V - Marissal T
Neurobiology of disease
Systemic pilocarpine treatment is one of the most reliable means of inducing temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). However, the traditional pilocarpine injection protocol using mice was associated with a high death rate, possibly because of cardiorespiratory collapse following status epilepticus (SE). To prevent this, we developed a modified procedure of pilocarpine SE induction, which included a single injection of a moderate dose of caffeine during the induction phase. That new protocol was based on the use of young male mice as well as on a refined Racine's scale. Using that protocol, we report a substantially increased survival rate, thus enabling the generation of a large cohort of mice that exhibited cardinal histological (e.g., mossy fiber sprouting) and electrophysiological (e.g., chronic interictal events and ictal seizures) characteristics associated with TLE. In conclusion, our refined caffeine- and pilocarpine-based protocol substantially improves the outcome of the reliable pilocarpine mouse model of TLE.