Pineau L - Buhler E - Tarhini S - Bauer S - Crepel V - Watrin F - Cardoso C - Represa A - Szepetowski P - Burnashev N




Genetic variations in proteins of the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway cause a spectrum of neurodevelopmental disorders often associated with brain malformations and with intractable epilepsy. The mTORopathies are characterized by hyperactive mTOR pathway and comprise tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) and focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) type II. How hyperactive mTOR translates into abnormal neuronal activity and hypersynchronous network remains to be better understood. Previously, the role of upregulated GluN2C-containing glutamate-gated N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) has been demonstrated for germline defects in the TSC genes. Here, we questioned whether this mechanism would expand to other mTORopathies in the different context of a somatic genetic variation of the MTOR protein recurrently found in FCD type II.

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