Carreño-Muñoz MI - Medrano MC - Ferreira Gomes Da Silva A - Gestreau C - Menuet C - Leinekugel T - Bompart M - Martins F - Subashi E - Aby F - Frick A - Landry M - Grana M - Leinekugel X


Neuropsychopharmacology : official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology


Behavioral phenotyping devices have been successfully used to build ethograms, but many aspects of behavior remain out of reach of available phenotyping systems. We now report on a novel device, which consists in an open-field platform resting on highly sensitive piezoelectric (electromechanical) pressure-sensors, with which we could detect the slightest movements (up to individual heart beats during rest) from freely moving rats and mice. The combination with video recordings and signal analysis based on time-frequency decomposition, clustering, and machine learning algorithms provided non-invasive access to previously overlooked behavioral components. The detection of shaking/shivering provided an original readout of fear, distinct from but complementary to behavioral freezing. Analyzing the dynamics of momentum in locomotion and grooming allowed to identify the signature of gait and neurodevelopmental pathological phenotypes. We believe that this device represents a significant progress and offers new opportunities for the awaited advance of behavioral phenotyping.

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