Sakkaki S - Barrière S - Bender AC - Scott RC - Lenck-Santini PP
Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991)
Alterations in the voltage-gated sodium channel Nav.1.1 are implicated in various neurological disorders, including epilepsy, Alzheimer's disease, and autism spectrum disorders. Previous studies suggest that the reduction of Nav1.1 expression leads to a decrease of fast spiking activity in inhibitory neurons. Because interneurons (INs) play a critical role in the temporal organization of neuronal discharge, we hypothesize that Nav1.1 dysfunction will negatively impact neuronal coordination in vivo. Using shRNA interference, we induced a focal Nav1.1 knock-down (KD) in the dorsal region of the right hippocampus of adult rats. Focal, unilateral Nav1.1 KD decreases the performance in a spatial novelty recognition task and the firing rate in INs, but not in pyramidal cells. It reduced theta/gamma coupling of hippocampal oscillations and induced a shift in pyramidal cell theta phase preference. Nav1.1 KD degraded spatial accuracy and temporal coding properties of place cells, such as theta phase precession and compression of ongoing sequences. Aken together, these data demonstrate that a deficit in Nav1.1 alters the temporal coordination of neuronal firing in CA1 and impairs behaviors that rely on the integrity of this network. They highlight the potential contribution of local inhibition in neuronal coordination and its impact on behavior in pathological conditions.