Plutino S - Laghouati E - Jarre G - Depaulis A - Guillemain I - Bureau I
Progress in neurobiology
During development of the sensory cortex, the ascending innervation from deep to upper layers provides a temporary scaffold for the construction of other circuits that remain at adulthood. Whether an alteration in this sequence leads to brain dysfunction in neuro-developmental diseases remains unknown. Using functional approaches in a genetic model of Absence Epilepsy (GAERS), we investigated in barrel cortex, the site of seizure initiation, the maturation of excitatory and inhibitory innervations onto layer 2/3 pyramidal neurons and cell organization into neuronal assemblies. We found that cortical development in GAERS lacks the early surge of connections originating from deep layers observed at the end of the second postnatal week in normal rats and the concomitant structuring into multiple assemblies. Later on, at seizure onset (1 month old), excitatory neurons are hyper-excitable in GAERS when compared to Wistar rats. These findings suggest that early defects in the development of connectivity could promote this typical epileptic feature and/or its comorbidities.